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About this database

The ASEAN FDI Regulatory Restrictions Database contains information on FDI restrictions across all ASEAN economies in the following sectors:

  • Agriculture
  • Forestry
  • Fishery
  • Mining and quarrying (including oil exploration and drilling)
  • Manufacturing (food and others; oil refining & chemicals; metals, machinery and other minerals; electronic, electric and other instruments; and transport equipment)
  • Electricity
  • Construction
  • Distribution (wholesale & retail trade)
  • Transport
  • Hotels & Restaurants (including tourism activities)
  • Media
  • Telecommunications
  • Financial Services (banking; insurance; and other financial services)
  • Business services
  • Real Estate Investments
  • The policy measures are categorized under four areas following the methodology of the OECD FDI Regulatory Restrictiveness Index:

    • Foreign equity restrictions
    • Screening or approval mechanisms
    • Restrictions on the employment of foreigners as key personnel
    • Operational restrictions, e.g. restrictions on branching and on capital repatriation or on land ownership

    The entries in the database are documented with reference and links to official sources. Data are as of December 2017.

    Note: OECD is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites.