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About the Green Budgeting Database

Welcome to the OECD Database on Green Budgeting which contains the results of the 2020 OECD and European Commission - Joint Survey on Emerging Green Budgeting Practices. The database provides budget practitioners, academics and civil society with a first overview of green budgeting practices from across OECD and EU countries.

This database is made available free of charge. However, data is protected by copyright and we kindly request that you cite the OECD and European Commission as the source when using this data (2020 OECD and European Commission - Joint Survey on Emerging Green Budgeting Practices).

Contact: the dataset is maintained by the Public Management and Budgeting (PMB) division. Please send questions or comments to:

About this questionnaire

The content of the database was collected using an online questionnaire and a glossary was also provided. The OECD and the European Commission collaborated on the 2020 survey as both organizations wish to further the understanding of the current “state-of-play” in relation to green budgeting efforts. Undertaking this joint survey reduces the burden of data collection for the national authorities.

The 2020 dataset provides information on the following topics:

  • PART I - Context
  • PART II - Plans for green budgeting development
  • PART III - Strategic framework for green budgeting
  • PART IV - Tools and methods of green budgeting
  • PART V - Accountability and transparency
  • PART VI - Enabling environment
  • PART VII - Impacts of green budgeting
  • PART VIII - Other tools to promote environmentally responsive and green policy-making
  • PART IX - Covid-19 Response and green budgeting
  • PART X - Final comments

The 2020 database comprises 39 countries, including 35 OECD countries1 and 27 European Union member countries2. Respondents were predominantly budget officials. The content of the database draws heavily upon self-reporting from governments representing the country’s own assessment of current practices and procedures. Data refer mostly to central/federal governments and exclude the subnational level. For the purpose of standardization and consistency, the survey considered existing practices or planned as of end-June 2020.

Preliminary results were presented at the 2021 Green Budgeting virtual annual meeting, 25 March 2021. The OECD and the European Commission have collaborated on data cleaning and have conducted extensive quality control of the responses in order to ensure consistency and reliability.

1 Data for Israel and the United States are not available. At the time of data collection Costa Rica was not an OECD member.
2 Four countries (Bulgaria, Cyprus, Malta and Romania) are only European Union member countries.